Ever since Morocco occupied Western Sahara in violation of an International Court of Justice opinion, following UN condemnations, an increasing flow of phosphate rock has been exported from the territory.
This exports have consisted of unprocessed phosphate rock, and the volume last year reached probably close to 4 million tonnes.
Now, the Moroccan state phosphate company OCP seem to wish stopping the exports of the raw materials, and instead process the phosphate themselves - inside the occupied territories.
This is revealed in L'Économiste, a major business newspaper in Morocco. L'Économiste published in its edition of 06 April 2009 a dossier about phosphates based on a long interview with the CEO of the OCP, Mostafa Terrab.
In this way, OCP will increase the profits from the plundering of Western Sahara. The phosphate exports from Western Sahara is in violation of international law, as the industry does not comply with the wishes and interests of the people of the territory. See a UN opinion on the mineral exploitation in Western Sahara here.
Importing the controversial phosphates also constitutes a strong and unfortunate political support for the illegal occupation, on the part of countries such as the US, Australia, New Zealand and Spain.
OCP adapts to price plunge Western Sahara Resource Watch last summer wrote about the phosphate prices which in 2008 reached an all time high, increasing almost eight-fold.
The red line shows the development of phosphate rock prices until mid 2008, while the blue line shows the price development of processed phosphates (DAP - diammonium-phosphates). Processed phosphates simply pay out more.
Since then, the global phosphate prices have again plunged.
According to the l'Économiste interview, the 2009 price fall is due to a decreased market, and it would be "a fundamental injustice" to compare the exceptional 2008 prices with the 2009. OCP is said to have already anticipated the price fall.
"The year 2008 is not a year of reference for the phosphates. It was an exceptional year, which occurs every 30 years. The last time was in 1973", precised Mr. Terrab.
According to the l'Economiste interview, OCP has voluntarily decreased its exports. They plan to increase the total production capacity in Morocco and Western Sahara from a today's level of 30 million tonnes, to 45 million tonnes annually in 2015.
The illegal exports from occupied Western Sahara reached an all-time-high in 2008, constituting around 13 percent of the total Moroccan exports.
See the story here (in French): L'Économiste, 6 April 2009, page 1, page 2, page 3.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
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