Morocco grants only 5% of fishing licences off Dakhla to Saharawis
liste_licenses2.jpg

New documentation shows that only 4 out of 75 purse seiners that the Moroccan government have licenced to fish on the pelagic stocks off Dakhla, occupied Western Sahara, are controlled by Saharawis.
Published: 27.07 - 2018 14:02Printer version    
mabrouk_3_380.jpgThis vessel, Mabrouk 3, is one of only four purse seiners controlled by a Saharawi. Billlal 3 at the top is one of the 71 such boats controlled by a Moroccan.Western Sahara Resource Watch (WSRW) has obtained a new list of coastal purse seiners licensed by the Moroccan authorities to fish the pelagic stocks off Dakhla, occupied Western Sahara.

The list is entitled "liste des senneurs côtiers autorisés à accéder à la pêcherie des petits pélagiques à partir de Dakhla au titre de la campagne de pêche 2018" - which translates to "list of coastal purse seiners authorized to take part in the small pelagic fishing off Dakhla for the 2018 fishing season".

A review of the list shows that Saharawis have a stake in only four of the 75 licensed vessels (thus 5% of the total available licenses):
- The Aousserd 5, matrix 12-106, 97.83 gross tonnage, is part owned by Mohamed El Amine Daiedda, who is Saharawi. Daiedda has a 34% share in the vessel.
- The Boulanwar, 12-96, with a gross tonnage of 129.95 is 100% owned by a Saharawi, called Sidi Sloh El Jomani.
- The Jawharat el Bahr, 6/1-223, with a gross tonnage of 108.41, is part owned by a Saharawi: M'barek Hammia holds 35% ownership of the vessel.
- The Mabrouk 3, 8-743, with a gross tonnage of 78.71, is fully owned by Zinni Bray, who is Saharawi.

The remaining 71 licensed vessels are all owned by Moroccans: most own a single vessel, though a few Moroccan families have obtained multiple licenses (e.g. the El Habza family, the Gourti and the Id Benjaa) for different boats.

list_licenses_stamp.jpgThe list is stamped by the Direction des Pêches Maritimes. Access the full list here, typed out in Excel.Dakhla is a fishing town located along the mid-coast of Western Sahara: the last colony in Africa. Morocco brutally invaded the territory in 1975 and went on to annex large parts of it - in spite of a clear opinion by the International Court of Justice refuting Morocco's claims to the territory, and hundreds of UN Resolutions calling for the Saharawi people's right to self-determination. Dakhla was occupied by Morocco in 1979, as Mauritanian occupying forces departed the Southern parts of Western Sahara. The UN General Assembly reacted to the Moroccan invasion of Dakhla by stating that it "deeply deplores the aggravation of the situation resulting from the continued occupation of Western Sahara by Morocco and the extension of that occupation to the territory recently evacuated by Mauritania", urging Morocco to "join the peace process and to terminate the occupation of the territory of Western Sahara" (UNGA resolution 34/37).

Earlier this year, the European Court of Justice invalidated the EU-Morocco Fisheries Partnership Agreement's application in Western Sahara, stating that Morocco has no sovereignty or jurisdiction over the territory. Just last week, the Court reiterated its position in a case against the EU-Morocco fish deal brought by the Polisario Front, the Western Sahara liberation movement.

The Court repeated the findings of the ICJ - that Morocco has no sovereignty over Western Sahara. The EU institutions and Morocco have repeatedly stressed that trade in Western Sahara benefits the locals, but without clarifying whom those locals are. The CJEU judgment from 2016 was clear in its article 106 that the entire question of alleged 'benefits' to Western Sahara was not relevant when assessing the legality of EU-Moroccan operations in Western Sahara, but that such trade must first obtain the consent of the representatives of the territory.

International human rights NGOs and several UN bodies have all described Western Sahara as a human rights dark spot. Basic human rights violations are rampant, and the social and economic discrimination of Saharawis by the Moroccan authorities are well documented, e.g. by UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food Hilal Elver who visited Dakhla. In her end-of-mission statement, Elver noted that the people of Western Sahara were not equally benefitting from the economic projects that Morocco was undertaking in the territory.

Those findings are once again supported by the list of fishing licenses obtained by WSRW.

The total gross tonnage of this Moroccan fleet that is authorised to fish off Dakhla is 6,989.25 tonnes. The vessels that are owned or part-owned by Saharawis have a total of 279.87 tonnes - or 4% of the total gross tonnage. Gross tonnage is a measure describing a vessel's internal volume, i.e. how much tonnes of fish it can carry.

All vessels in the list are seiners - a vessel using a method of fishing that employs a fishing net called a seine, that hangs vertically in the water with its bottom edge held down by weights and its top edge buoyed by floats. The vessels are authorised to fish the small pelagic stocks of Dakhla such as herrings and sardines.

Since you're here....
WSRW’s work is being read and used more than ever. But our financial situation is tough. Our work takes time, dedication and diligence. But we do it because we believe it matters – and we hope you do to. If everyone who reads our website or likes us on Facebook, would contribute to our work – 3€, 5€, 27€ … what you can spare – the future of WSRW would be much more secure. You can donate to WSRW in less than a minute here.




    

Top
News:

09.10 - 2018 / 09.10 - 2018Agriculture rapporteur concerned but favours Western Sahara trade deal
08.10 - 2018 / 27.08 - 2010Support Western Sahara Resource Watch
18.09 - 2018 / 18.09 - 2018Polisario files legal complaint against French seafood company
13.09 - 2018 / 13.09 - 2018The New Zealand phosphate controversy
13.09 - 2018 / 13.09 - 2018US imports of Western Sahara conflict rock to end
07.09 - 2018 / 04.09 - 2018Frozen fish flying from occupied Western Sahara to Spain
31.08 - 2018 / 31.08 - 2018European Parliament "fact finding" mission to Western Sahara
21.08 - 2018 / 20.08 - 2018ISOCARD backtracks on moving camel conference out of Western Sahara
20.08 - 2018 / 09.08 - 2018Sweden says EU-Morocco trade proposal fails court ruling
09.08 - 2018 / 31.07 - 2018Bitcoins behind giant wind farm controversy in occupied Western Sahara
27.07 - 2018 / 25.07 - 2018Morocco grants only 5% of fishing licences off Dakhla to Saharawis
26.07 - 2018 / 23.07 - 2018EU Court confirms: Western Sahara not part of EU-Morocco fish deal
25.07 - 2018 / 07.07 - 2018Large Russian-Chinese-British oil study in Western Sahara
23.07 - 2018 / 20.07 - 2018EU and Morocco today initial new fish deal including Western Sahara
23.07 - 2018 / 22.07 - 2018Key player quits dirty Western Sahara phosphate game
19.07 - 2018 / 19.07 - 2018Fishmeal from occupied Western Sahara now being unloaded in Germany
17.07 - 2018 / 17.07 - 2018Caught fishing illegally in occupied Western Sahara
16.07 - 2018 / 16.07 - 2018Polisario condemns Council's approval of Western Sahara trade deal
16.07 - 2018 / 16.07 - 2018EU Council approves Morocco trade deal to include Western Sahara
16.07 - 2018 / 16.07 - 2018EU vessels return home in absense of new EU-Morocco fish deal




EN ES FR DE AR

Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
EU Court cases on Western Sahara for dummies

tn_law_hammer.jpg

It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Stand up for the Gdeim Izik 25!

tn_court_photo_gdeim_izik_610.jpg

Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
Support Western Sahara Resource Watch

tn_sjovik_demo_610.jpg

Help us to protect the natural resources of Western Sahara for the Saharawi people. Support our work by making a donation.
Report: Moroccan green energy used for plunder

tn_poweringplunder_eng_610.jpg

At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.

WSRW.org News Archive 2018
WSRW.org News Archive 2017
WSRW.org News Archive 2016
WSRW.org News Archive 2015
WSRW.org News Archive 2014
WSRW.org News Archive 2013
WSRW.org News Archive 2012
WSRW.org News Archive 2011
WSRW.org News Archive 2010
WSRW.org News Archive 2009
WSRW.org News Archive 2008
WSRW.org News Archive 2007
WSRW.org News Archive 2004-2006


Register for our English newsletter:









These web pages have been built with the financial support of the trade union Industry Energy