Illustration photo above: Gas Cerbeus photographed last year. (Photo: Gerolf Drebes)
In April, a vessel with liquified gas arrived at El Aaiún harbour in occupied Western Sahara, shipped directly from the terminal of the Norwegian energy company Equinor (former ‘Statoil’) in Kårstø, Norway. The incident was covered today by the Norwegian daily Dagsavisen.
This is the first ever documented case of exports of Norwegian gas to the occupied territory through all times. On 20 April at 05:41 am, the vessel anchored up outside the entry to El Aaiún harbour. Later that same day, it sailed into the capital of Western Sahara to offload its 4900 tonnes of gas.
“We […] are now amending our procedures to capture the Norwegian position”, Equinor's vice-president Tor Martin Anfinnsen wrote the Norwegian Support Committee on behalf of the company president Eldar Sætre.
In April last year, Norway’s Minister of Foreign Affairs stated in the parliament in Oslo that her government agrees with the decisions of the Court of Justice of the EU: international law requires the prior consent of the Saharawi people on matters relating to business in Western Sahara. Equinor has now a position that is aligned with that of other companies fully or partially owned by the Norwegian government, such as Yara, Cermaq and Mesta.
Equinor explained that the vessel contained a cargo of butane to its client Gulf Petrochem - or GP Global, which the company has changed name to. Western Sahara Resource Watch wrote GP Global on 24 April, enquiring whether they had obtained the Saharawi people's consent to import the gas, and whether Equinor had asked them about the aspect of consent prior to the transaction. The cargo was transported aboard the Liberian-flagged gas tanker Gas Cerberus. On 25 April, WSRW in Greece and the Norwegian Support Committee wrote a letter to the vessel's operator, Stealth Corp. None of these letters have been responded to.
Equinor clarified further to Dagsavisen newspaper today that the cargo was sold to GP, and that "this cargo has then been resold from GP to another client for delivery in Laayoune, and we shipped the cargo there for GP".
Data from the Norwegian statistics bureau Statistics Norway reveals the value of gas exports from Norway to Morocco over the last decade: In 2019, the value of the butane exports was at 290 million kroners (26 million Euros at 2020 exchange rate), while the propane exports was 357 million kroners (32 million Euros). The exports have also continued into the first months of 2020. There was a small exports of gas condensate to Morocco in May 2019, at a value of 7 million kroners.
It is not yet known whether the gas exported from Norway to Morocco is being reexported to Western Sahara.
According to figures published by Western Sahara Resource Watch last week, 15 transports of gas took place in to the territory during the calendar year of 2019. All of it was either from Morocco or from the occupiers closest allies - Spain and France. 5 of the 15 transports came in to Western Sahara from Morocco - which is not itself a gas producing country. The Norwegian Support Committee asked Equinor on 21 April regarding what kind of due diligence Equinor carries out on its clients, and how it views that its clients could be reexporting gas from Morocco to Western Sahara. These questions were not responded to in the reply letter of 24 April.
Gas Cerberus entered El Aaiún harbour on 20 April early afternoon.
The vessel left El Aaiún harbour on 22 April, in the afternoon.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.