"It is commendable that KfW takes measures to avoid supporting the occupation of Western Sahara. It is worth to remind that OCP's entire operation on occupied land is facilitated by Continental and Siemens. It is regrettable that German private industry is acting to uphold Morocco's military occupation", Tim Sauer of WSRW Germany stated.
Continental is maintaining OCP's conveyor belt system under a contract that is expiring in June 2020. WSRW urges Continental not to renew the support for Morocco's illegal phosphate industry on the territory.
In recent years, many international companies have stopped importing phosphate rock from Western Sahara, following increasing pressure from investors concerned about the legality of the operation and related human rights violations. In 2019, only a handful of importers were still involved in the trade, and Morocco’s export figures from the territory it militarily occupied had fallen to their lowest level in years. Read more about these developments in the 2020 edition of P for Plunder, our annual overview report documenting Morocco's trade in Western Sahara's conflict mineral in 2019.
The statement that the German Government has now issued, is a confirmation of the bank’s position on Western Sahara. In July 2016, KfW wrote to WSRW that “we are not financing projects in Western Sahara and we are not planning to do so in the future”. The bank was at the time being mentioned by Moroccan media as co-financing renewable energy projects in the occupied territory. KfW was clear that those allegations were misleading, as it did support such projects in Morocco proper, but not in Western Sahara.
In November 2016, Moroccan media reported that KfW had supported energy projects in the occupied territories [or download]. That coverage was "misleading", according to a mail sent by KfW to WSRW on 3 March 2017. "KfW is co-financing only NOOR IV in Ouarzazate / Morocco and not NOOR Laayoune and NOOR Boujdour", KfW wrote in an email.
KfW's position is also in line with that of the German Government. In 2017, the State Secretary at the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy clarified to the German Parliament that “The Federal Government does not support the economic activities of German companies in Western Sahara and does not secure business through export credit and investment guarantees”.
A 2019 analyis of the Bundestag's research department concluded that Morocco is to be considered an occupying power in Western Sahara, and that its settlement policy - described as the transfer of its own civilians into the territory as well as indirect measures in promotion thereof - substantiates a violation of the fourth Geneva Convention.
It remains to be clarified by KfW where exactly the mentioned water investment programme of OCP is located.
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Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.