A Greek flagged carrier, ‘Heron’, owned by the Greek company Heron Maritime S.A., transported illegally mined phosphates from occupied Western Sahara in July 2008. The vessel carried phosphate rock to the harbour of Tampa, Florida. From there, the phosphate rock was transported to a nearby Mosaic fertilizer plant. Mosaic is one of the two American fertilizer companies that import from occupied Western Sahara.
The Greek flagged bulk carrier, which has IMO number 8316297 and call sign SVOA is operated and owned by the Greek company Heron Maritime S.A. The responsible agent in the Tampa harbour is Nova International Services.
Read more: This US port has just received controversial phosphates
Danos Shipping S.A.
In June 2008, the vessel ‘Danos Z’ (IMO number 9227833) transported 15.000 tonnes of phosphates from occupied Western Sahara to the Baranquilla harbour, Colombia. ‘Danos Z’ is owned by the Greek company Danos Shipping S.A. and was operated by Athens-based Dalomar.
Read more: 4th shipment to Colombia this year
Globus Maritime Ltd
On 30 May 2008, the bulk vessel ‘Gulf Globe’ arrived at Newport, New Zealand, with phosphates from occupied Western Sahara. ‘Gulf Globe’ was built in 1994, has IMO number 9070773, call sign C6UD7, gross tonnage 25,498. The vessel is owned by Globus Maritime Ltd, which is based on the Channel Islands.
Read more: New phosphate shipment to New Zealand
In January 2008, the ‘Navios Ionian’, owned by the Greek company Navios, arrived in Tauranga port, New Zealand. The vessel was carrying phosphates from occupied Western Sahara.
Check out videos of the ‘Navios Ionian’
Evalend Shipping Co S.A.
In October 2007, the vessel ‘Predator’, owned, operated and managed by Greek company Evalend Shipping Co S.A., tried cheating on the port of origin. When the vessel arrived in New Zealand at the 12th of October, it claimed to the harbour authorities to have been departed from the phosphate exporting port of Jorf Lasfar in Morocco.
In fact, it had been charged at the harbour of El Aaiún, occupied Western Sahara. It had not docked in Jorf Lasfar for at least the 16 previous months.
The ‘Predactor’ has IMO registration number 9316165 and call sign C6UB5.
See video clips of the vessel in Port of Tauranga, New Zealand, on October 12th 2007.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.