Occupied Sahara: EU undermining Human Rights on Human Rights Day
Today, the European Parliament decided to back up the EU-Morocco fisheries agreement, opening for fishing in the waters of Western Sahara, a territory of which large parts have been occupied by Morocco since 1975. "A sad day for international peace and human rights" states WSRW. The deal was inked on the 1 year anniversary of the Nobel Peace Prize - and on the International Day of Human Rights.
Photo above: Saharawis demonstrate against EU plans to fish in Western Sahara, 7 Dec 2013. More than 20 injured.
"Today's decision by the European Parliament flies in the face of the people of Western Sahara. The Saharawi have under international law the right to be heard on economic activities taking place in their land under occupation. The EU has today neglected those rights. All EU's rethorics of Human Rights Day today proves to be shallow", states Erik Hagen, chair of Western Sahara Resource Watch (WSRW).
204 parliamentarians voted against the agreement, while 310 voted for. 49 abstained.
The owners of the stocks are either living under brutal Morocan occupation, or in refugee camps in Algeria. More than 100 UN resolutions call for their right to self-determination. No state recognise Morocco's claims to Western Sahara.
Last weekend, a Saharawi demonstration in the capital of Western Sahara, protesting the EU’s plans to fish in occupied waters, was violently dispersed by the Moroccan police. More than 20 were injured. The situation is growing ever more tense, as more and more Saharawis are increasingly frustrated with the EU’s consistency in choosing Morocco as a partner for business in their land, while turning a blind eye on the gross and systematic human rights violations that Morocco perpetrates in the territory.
Instead Morocco will be paid for 40 million € per year in exchange for access to non-Moroccan waters.
Apart from violating international law and disrespecting a people’s fundamental right to self-determiantion, the protocol is also bad business for the fish stocks in the area. A Greenpeace report, urged the EU not to approve, of environmental concerns.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.