Photo: Oleg Naydenov fishing offshore Dakhla, Western Sahara, 2013. Click on photo for high resolution.
The Oleg Naydenov sank after fire broke out on board of the ship on 11 April, as the vessel was bunkering in a port of the Canary Islands. The Spanish government then towed the vessel out into the ocean. The vessel carried approximately 1,400 tonnes of fuel oil, corresponding to around 2 million liters. That fuel has since been leaking into the waters of the Atlantic Ocean between the Canary Islands and Western Sahara.
The Oleg Naydenov is a large floating factory that had been active in the waters of occupied Western Sahara for the last couple of years, following a fisheries agreement between Morocco and Russia that failed to specify that Western Sahara is not part of Morocco. Though the Agreement states that Russian vessels can fish in the Moroccan Exclusive Economic Zone, which does not include the waters of Western Sahara, all Russian trawlers have been fishing exclusively off Western Sahara - Africa's last colony that has been largely occupied by Morocco since 1975.
WSRW has not yet seen any reports on the potential impact of the disaster on the Western Saharan territorial waters, which is illustrative of the lack of voice that the Saharawis have in environmental protection matters while under ooccupation.
It seems that most of the leaked fuel will end up on the Canary Islands. WWF reports oil approaching the beaches of Tenerife, while the Spanish government already started scraping thick fuel of the beaches of Gran Canaria late last week. Greenpeace reports about the affected sealife, such as oil-covered birds and turtles, and a bottlenose dolphin.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.