An advance copy of the UN Secretary General’s report on Western Sahara, dated 18 April 2016, referred to the different UN bodies that have pointed to the lack of benefits to Saharawis of Morocco’s economic projects in their occupied homeland, and the disproportionate poverty affecting the Saharawi people.
But the final version of 19 April of the Secretary General’s report on Western Sahara – a well-known target of tough Moroccan lobbying – omits those references.
This was around the same time that the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food Hilal Elver visited Dakhla, in occupied Western Sahara. In her end-of-mission statement, Elver noted that the people of Western Sahara were not equally benefitting from the economic projects that Morocco was undertaking in the territory.
In the advance copy of the Secretary General’s report to the Security Council, these findings are summarized as follows in paragraph 72; "72. (...) However, she echoed some of the CESCR's recommendations, highlighting that poverty continued to affect the population disproportionately and that it was not reaping the benefits of the considerable investments being made. (A/HRC/31/51/Add.2)"
But in the text that was published as the final version five days later, this has been shortened into; "72. (...) She also echoed some of the Committee’s findings and recommendations (see A/HRC/31/51/Add.2, paras. 56-60)."
The advanced draft and the final version of the UN Secretary General display more differences. Just as in previous years, all such changes are more favourable to the Moroccan position. The change underlines the asymmetric relationship of the two sides' presence in the UN corridors. Morocco furthermore enjoys significant support from UN permanent member France. Below is a transcript of a conversation between the news service Inner City Press yesterday, and a UN spokesman, regarding this structural problem:
ICP: So, because of these changes, because this has happened in previous years, what explains… I mean, I probably wouldn't be asking if there were changes going the other way, but if all were done this way, can you describe the interaction between the Secretariat and Morocco prior to the finalization of the report?
Spokesman Stephane Dujarric: No, first of all, I think it's a problem… you know, you put online a document that was not final. Documents are final once they're published in all [six] languages, and they are the Secretary-General's reports. Contacts were had with both parties, but I think, you know, you can… what I will tell you is that the report is… the final report is the one that's out as an official UN document.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.