WSRW has tried getting comments from Nareva in the past, on all email addresses that were possible to find, including addresses found on documents Nareva has sent to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. All mails bounce. The company does not have a website.
Nareva is an energy company owned by the Moroccan Palace via its holding company SNI. Nareva's 100% owned subsidiary EEM played a role in the building of the windmills in Western Sahara together with Siemens. It is also involved in the two large sites to be built in Western Sahara in partnership with Siemens and Enel over the coming years. Western Sahara Resource Watch on 2 November published a report about these programmes on occupied land.
Both Siemens Wind Power and Enel have indeed responded to the requests from Business and Human Rights. However, they have never responded to questions whether they have sought the consent of the people of Western Sahara to construct energy infrastructure in the territory.
Business and Human Rights asked the following question to the two companies: "What is your company’s process for obtaining and evaluating free, prior & informed consent?"
Enel answered shortly that "We do not have a structured process". Siemens Wind Power responded that "In this context, it is important to understand that Siemens Wind Power usually only offers the delivery, installation and commission of wind turbine generators. Siemens Wind Power normally does not by itself develop or own wind power projects, nor is it responsible for the balance of plants of a certain wind park projects".
The International Court of Justice has rejected Morocco's claims to Western Sahara, and stated that the Saharawi people have a right to self-determination. Over 100 UN Resolutions have called for the exercise of that right.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.