The military court in Rabat has convicted 25 Saharawi activists to shockingly tough sentences. All were arrested in relation to the Gdeim Izik protest camp; a peaceful manifestation disputing the Saharawi people’s continual marginalisation in their occupied country.
After more than a week of hearings, the military court of Rabat has convicted 25 Saharawi citizens to appallingly tough sentences; 9 of the defendants are condemned to life imprisonment, 14 others have been convicted to sentences ranging from 20 to 30 years. Two have been sentenced to two years.
Some of the convicts are known human rights activists and have in the past openly voiced their pro-independence stance. One of them is Sidahmed Lemjiyed, the President of the Saharawi Committee for the Protection of Natural Resources, who has now been sentenced to life. Mr. Lemjiyed appears as the third from the right in the above picture.
European observers who have witnessed the trial, noted many anomalies; delay of detention without trial beyond the legal limit of 12 months, trial of civilians in a military court, confessions obtained under torture and signed with a thumb print only, etc.
WSRW strongly condemns the verdict. “This verdict underlines how well placed the critique from the European Parliament earlier this month was”, says Erik Hagen of Western Sahara Resource Watch. “The international community must wake up to the injustice committed to Saharawis who’ve done nothing more than call for their legitimate rights”.
Most of the now convicted activists were arrested on the backdrop of the Gdeim Izik protest camp; an unprompted massive gathering of thousands of Saharawi citizens in defiance of their social and economic discrimination under Moroccan occupation, in the autumn of 2010.
"One had hoped that the 2010 protest of dismayed Saharawis would be an eye-opener to those governments and companies claiming to help Morocco in developing the territory it illegally occupies", Hagen stated.
He underlined that these leading human rights activists have for instance been clear opponents of the EU's illegal fisheries in occupied Western Sahara, and that the repeated message from the protest camp was that the plunder of the territory must stop.
"If the EU now enters into a new fisheries agreement offshore the territory, it would be insulting and showing disdain of those Saharawis who are now convicted to life time sentence for peacefully protesting that same plunder", stated Hagen.
After a couple of weeks, the 2010 protest camp was attacked and burnt to the ground by the Moroccan army. The majority of the convicts were arrested in the days following the camp’s dismantlement, during a complete media black-out; the Moroccan government did not allow NGOs, media, foreign observers or even the UN on the scene.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the three different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
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