Rotterdam, The Netherlands, February 28th 2005 Shareholders focus of campaign to end Kerr-McGee's involvement in Occupied Western Sahara
Western Sahara Resource Watch, representing organizations in 20 countries, announced today a campaign against the American energy company Kerr-McGee (KMG). This Oklahoma City-based corporation is involved in the illegal, unethical and politically controversial plundering of hydrocarbons in the Moroccan occupied areas of Western Sahara. Morocco has illegally occupied Western Sahara since 1975 and the people of the territory, led by Polisario, are struggling for self-determination and independence. Kerr-McGee has been exploring for oil and gas in the territorial waters of Western Sahara since 2001 under license from the Moroccan state oil company, ONAREP (now ONHYM). Today, the international solidarity movement for Western Sahara started contacting the company‚s 600 biggest shareholders, demanding that action be taken to prevent the company from renewing the contract that is set to expire May 1st.
Western Sahara is Africa‚s last colony. Formerly a colony of Spain, in May 1975 a UN mission determined that the people of Western Sahara overwhelmingly supported the liberation movement Polisario and were categorically for independence and against integration of the territory into Morocco. In mid-October of that year the International Court of Justice ruled that the people of Western Sahara have the right to self-determination including independence. Morocco rejected the Court‚s ruling and invaded the territory in the first days November, forcing a majority of the population into refugee camps in Algeria. Morocco has refused to implement a 1991 UN peace plan in which a referendum would allow the people of Western Sahara to choose between independence and integration into Morocco. The UN Legal Council says that Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory and that exploitation of the territory‚s hydrocarbons would be illegal.
"It is remarkable that Kerr-McGee does still not understand the political, legal and humanitarian dimensions of the catastrophe they are inflicting to the Sahrawi people. For three years, the company has refused to listen to our arguments. Now we hope to get some assistance from their shareholders" said Richard Knight, a member of the Association of Concerned Africa Scholars and spokesperson of Western Sahara Resource Watch.
The campaign requests the shareholders to play a role as active investors, influencing KMG not to renew its contract May 1st. If the constructive shareholder pressure does not succeed in changing the KMG policy, the campaign demands the investors to divest.
So far, a Norwegian and a Dutch seismic survey company have decided to not continue the activities in Western Sahara due to the political implications of the contracts. This happened as a consequence of active shareholder ownership and dozens of sell-outs over the last years. Also a Danish and a French company have left the area, making Kerr-McGee the only foreign company remaining in the Western Sahara.
One major investor has already divested from Kerr-McGee - the Norwegian fund administrator Skagenfondene has sold its 100.000 shares, taking a two million dollar loss. Due to the massive negative attention on Kerr-McGee‚s activities in the occupied territories, they regarded the shares as too risky. Now the government-owned Norwegian Petroleum Fund is considering if it should sell its shares, estimated to be worth over $7 million.
The campaign against Kerr-McGee has lead to an impressive mobilization worldwide. Today, 19 organizations on four continents have all started contacting their respective Kerr-McGee shareholders simultaneously. Last month, we contacted all screening agencies in the world, explaining them the nature of the contract, urging them to recommend their clients to sell. Now contacting the shareholders is a natural second step in our strategy,‰ said Liesbeth den Haan of the Netherlands Foundation for the Right to Self-Determination for the Sahrawi People.
No country recognizes Morocco‚s sovereignty over Western Sahara. The Polisario-formed government in exile, a founding member of the African Union which is recognized by 70 countries including South Africa, has heavily condemned the Kerr-McGee contract.
"Morocco‚s planned theft of Western Sahara‚s hydrocarbons is immoral and illegal. Since Kerr-McGee signed the reconnaissance contract with ONAREP in 2001, Morocco has stalled the UN-supported peace process. Morocco has even rejected a generous plan put forward by former U.S. Secretary of State James Baker. Kerr-McGee‚s activities have already blocked the peace efforts and contributed to rising tension in the region. If Kerr-McGee continues, there are definitely possibilities of taking legal actions against the company, and we strongly urge Kerr-McGee to not renew their contract. We are very sure that our measures will make Kerr-McGee withdraw, as the last company in the industry still operating in Western Sahara. The question is how and when", said Jacob Mundy founder of Friends of Western Sahara
For further information, or to receive a full version of the shareholder letter, please contact Richard Knight (New York, USA) tel (+1) 212-663-5989 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting (+1) 212-663-5989 end_of_the_skype_highlighting email@example.com, Jacob Mundy (Seattle, USA) tel (+1) 206-329-1341 firstname.lastname@example.org, Tom Marchbanks ˆ Western Sahara Campaign (UK) tel (+44) 794-955-6718, email@example.com or Liesbeth den Haan (Holland), tel (+31) 610858899, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
The campaign is coordinated by the newly founded Western Sahara Resource Watch. WSRW is a network of organizations that work to preserve the natural resources in Western Sahara for the usage of its people, inasmuch as their sovereignty over those resources is a right with erga omnes character enshrined in several UN resolutions and human rights documents.
Regarding Kerr-McGee's involvement offshore occupied Western Sahara
October 2004, the American energy company Kerr-McGee renewed its contract with the Moroccan state oil company, ONHYM, for the reconnaissance of hydrocarbon resources offshore occupied Western Sahara. This they have done despite of the illegality of hydrocarbon exploitation in the area, and despite the highly unethical and politically controversial nature of the contract. With this background, Western Sahara Resource Watch strongly recommends that you, as an investor in the company, convince Kerr-McGee to not renew their contract when it is set to expire May 1st.
In 2001, the oil companies Kerr-McGee and Total (former TotalFinaElf) signed reconnaissance contracts with ONHYM (former ONAREP). The UN Vice-Secretary General for Legal Affairs, Hans Corell, later stated that the contracts are not in themselves illegal. At the same time however, he concludes, "if further exploration and exploitation activities were to proceed in disregard of the interests and wishes of the people of Western Sahara, they would be in violation of the principles of international law (…)".
We have since recently been aware that in addition to regular seismic surveys, KMG has also performed a drop coring program, taking samples from the seabed offshore Western Sahara. Having carried out these "further explorations", we now view KMG's activities to be in violation of the Hans Corell opinion and international law.
Corell further states that Morocco is not considered legally as the administrative Power of the area. This implies that ONHYM under no circumstance has the right to act on behalf of the people of the occupied territory. Western Sahara Resource Watch is convinced that there are now sufficiently strong legal arguments for having the question of KMG's exploration of hydrocarbons from the occupied territories decided by an appropriate legal body.
But more important than legal considerations, in our opinion, are the ethical aspects of such involvements. The reconnaissance contracts offer legitimization to Morocco's occupation of the territory. They have boosted Morocco's confidence about integrating the occupied territory into Morocco, in violation of international law and of a number of UN Security Council and General Assembly resolutions. After signing the contracts with the two oil companies, Morocco has reinforced its rejection of the Saharawis' right to self-determination over the territory's future status. Thus, the contracts and the following seismic activities have worsened the climate for a peaceful solution in accordance with the peace plans already agreed upon by the parties in the conflict. The government in exile of the Saharawi Arabic Democratic Republic (SADR) has strongly condemned both the contracts and the initial seismic surveys. It is also important to remember that the area is still an area of conflict, though under cease-fire, with the possible consequences that would have for the company, should the hostilities resume.
There are also economic reasons not to invest in the Moroccan industry in the occupied territories. The Norwegian fund administrator Skagenfondene has already sold its 100,000 shares in Kerr-McGee, taking a two million dollar loss. Due to the massive negative attention on Kerr-McGee's activities in the occupied territories, they regarded the shares as too risky financially. Skagenfondene was the biggest Norwegian shareholder in the American oil company at the time. After that the SADR government urged the Norwegian Ministry of Finance to sell their shares in Kerr-McGee, November 30th 2004; the Ethical Council of the Norwegian Petroleum Fund is now undertaking a study of whether to sell their shares. For the letter sent by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Saharawi Arabic Democratic Republic, Mr. Mohamed Salem Ould Salek, to the Norwegian Minister of Finance, Mr. Per-Kristian Foss, please see http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Sahara-Update/message/1427.
The seismic survey company TGS-NOPEC signed contracts with Kerr-McGee in May 2002, Total and the Moroccan state oil company. TGS-NOPEC completed their initial surveys in the area during the spring of 2003. Their contract provoked a campaign, urging the company to stop its activities and the shareholders to put pressure on the company. The campaign led to massive international media attention, and received support from a large number of NGOs and politicians, demanding the cancellation of the unethical contracts. Negative PR led to a substantial number of sell-outs from shareholders, including the Swedish ethical fund administrator Banco Funds, all criticizing TGS-NOPEC for bad ethical standards. When the Norwegian government questioned the legality of the contracts, it came as a result of the very same campaign. Being subjected to the arguments of the international solidarity movement, and after becoming fully aware of the controversy of the territory and their seismic survey contracts, TGS-NOPEC has stated that they will not engage in further contracts in the area (see www.tgsnopec.np/whatsnew/newsframe_Update_Western_Sahara.htm). The Dutch company Fugro NV continued TGS-NOPEC's seismic activities, but in July 2004 they cancelled further contracts due to our same arguments, and after a similar campaign. In January 2005, the Faeroese company Thor Offshore Services, who worked for TGS-Nopec in Western Sahara in 2002, said they would carry out no more activities there due to the political situation. The French oil company Total withdrew from Western Sahara in November 2004.
Kerr-McGee is today the last company in the area. But the only time the company has mentioned their Western Sahara involvement to their shareholders, as far as we know, was through their 2003 annual report. At all other occasions the area is referred to as 'Morocco', thus giving recognition to the Moroccan presence in the area, something no states in the world have done, including the US. By calling the area something other than what is internationally recognized, the company holds back what we believe to be vital information from the shareholders.
The US has explicitly excluded Western Sahara from their recent Free Trade Agreement with Morocco. The US trade representative, Robert Zoellick, has stated clearly that the FTA covers "trade and investment in the territory of Morocco as recognized internationally and will not include Western Sahara".
On several occasions during the last years, Western Sahara organizations from several countries have asked Kerr-McGee for a meeting, in order to understand the political, ethical and legal considerations that have been taken regarding their activities in the area. The company has never replied our requests.
Western Sahara Resource Watch urges your company to take the responsibility as a conscientious investor, and make sure that Kerr-McGee does not renew its contract for oil reconnaissance offshore the Moroccan-occupied area of Western Sahara after May 1st 2004. If Kerr-McGee against all odds decides to renew the contract, we strongly encourage your company to divest.
We urge the divestment to be permanent until KMG has come with a public statement that 1) states they have terminated their exploration in Western Sahara; 2) in the same manner as have been done by all KMG's partners, states that KMG will not consider signing another contract until a peaceful solution to the conflict has been found and; 3) includes an assessment of the legal, political and ethical considerations that have been taken concerning the contracts and its termination.
If your company should ever need any information on Western Sahara, its legal status, the United Nations resolutions on the conflict, the situation for its refugee population or the violation of human rights in the occupied territories committed by the Moroccan state, please do not hesitate contacting us. We are more than happy to assist.
The letter sent to you now is a part of a globally coordinated effort to inform the approximately 600 biggest KMG shareholders in 19 countries worldwide about the company's activities. Western Sahara Resource Watch consists of organizations and individuals from US, Canada, France, Switzerland, Holland, Belgium, Luxemburg, Germany, UK, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Austria, Italy, Spain, Japan and Australia.
If Kerr-McGee chooses to renew its contract, we will come back to you with more information.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.
Big oil’s interest in occupied Western Sahara has taken a dramatic turn for the worse. Some companies are now drilling, in complete disregard of international law and the Saharawi people’s rights. Here’s what you need to know.