Three fishermen associations registered in Dakhla, occupied Western Sahara, say they've not seen any benefits stemming from investments and projects at the local harbour. Ironically, their statement comes only a few days after the EU Member States' split vote approval of the much debated one-year extension of the EU Morocco fish pact – claiming the investments under the agreement are beneficial to the local population.
Three officially registered organisations, Alqandil de Pêche Maritime, Ennawrass de Pêche Maritime and the Association of Sailors who work on Fishing Vessels, have taken their case to the European Commission.
In a statement issued on 30 June 2011, the organisations confirmed that only a small percentage of the local population of Dakhla is still employed in the Western Sahara fishing sector, in spite of Morocco’s ongoing claims of having made heavy investments in the harbour. “While exclusion and corruption are prevalent in the Moroccan administration in the region, additional devastating investments have destroyed the middle class of the population; 42% of them made their livelihood in the fishing sector before the Moroccan administration was installed. But over the last 15 years, this proportion has dropped to 4,9%”, the statement reads.
“The Moroccan Ministry of Fisheries has limited all its investments and interests in exploitation in accordance to the wishes of lobbies and companies without any other principle than making profits. The Fisheries Ministry and the Moroccan State constantly mention the investments and developments in the region, while in reality it’s not undertaking any efforts on the ground to engage the local population and make them benefit from this alleged “investments”, or to create jobs for the local population in the fish sector in the region or the development projects linked to that sector”.
Click on the picture to the right for a larger version of the fishermen associations' statement.
EU Member States back fish deal, despite lack of proof on Saharawi benefits
Earlier this week, the EU Council of Ministers formally agreed to give green light to the controversial and widely criticised one-year extension of the EU fisheries agreement with Morocco. In voting this through, the EU split, with only a qualified majority believing that Morocco has provided sufficient proof that the Saharawi people of Western Sahara do indeed benefit from the fish agreement.
But according to an article in European Voice today “the Moroccan documentation – a confidential 44-slide PowerPoint presentation – makes no reference to Western Sahara and lumps the territory together with areas in Morocco proper, which makes it impossible to judge what benefits, if any, go to the Sahrawi population”.
Seven Member States – Sweden, Denmark, Austria, Finland, Cyprus, the UK and the Netherlands - did not agree to the proposal, as they failed to see how the agreement with Morocco was advantageous to the people of Western Sahara.
Their position is backed by a UN Legal Opinion from 2002, which not only lists the Western Sahara’s people’s interests, but also their prior consultation and consent as legal requirements for economic activities in the territory. A lack of evidence that the Saharawi people had been consulted and would benefit from the fish deal resulted in the European Parliament’s legal services calling for an immediate halt to the pact in 2009.
Ill-management of fish-stocks
In their declaration, the three associations from Dakhla also lament the ill-management of fish stocks, alleging “serious abuses contributing to the exhaustion of the fish stocks on a daily basis”.
According to the fishermen, the Moroccan fleet continues to use illegal netting techniques such as driftnets. Under the 2007-2011 EU-Morocco FPA, Morocco received an annual 1 million euro for phasing-out the use of destructive driftnets.
The fishermen see the “irresponsible and corrupt control of foreign vessels” active in the waters as an important contributing factor to the depletion of fish stocks. The lack of effective controls on board of Moroccan-, Russian- or Portuguese-flagged vessels is particularly prominent in their statement.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
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