Here is the evaluation report of the Morocco fish deal
In June 2011, WSRW - together with other organisations - issued a first request to the European Commission, soliciting the independent evaluation report of the EU-Morocco Fisheries Partnership Agreement become part of the public domain. The Commission has now agreed to release the report. Read it here.
The ex-ante evaluation report by consultancy firm Océanic Développement provides an independent analysis of the previous EU-Morocco fish accord: it reviewed the deal’s implementation between 2007 and 2010.
Yet in 2011, when the European Commission proposed to extend the previous fisheries agreement with Morocco by an additional 12 months, this highly relevant document was not shared with the public opinion. Even European Parliamentarians only had very limited access to the report.
The now released report shows how clearly controversial the agreement was in terms of finances and ecological destruction: it concluded that the agreement was by far the worst of all on-going bilateral agreements in terms of costs-benefits to the Union. Instead of turning a profit as similar EU agreements have done, fishing turnover fell short of the 36.1 million investment by about 6 million euros a year. (See page 93)
EU fishermen landed around 44,000 tonnes of fish a year - 5 percent of Morocco's total catch and a fragment of Europe's 13-million-tonne consumption. "The fleet's contribution ... to meeting the needs of the European market is ... rather marginal," the report said. (See page 91)
Furthermore, the evaluation report pointed out that continued EU fishing would harm the region's fish stocks, which were already exploited and in part overexploited by local fishermen. (See page 96)
On 14 December 2011, the European Parliament put an end to the EU-Morocco fisheries - mostly due to a concern over infringing international law, as most of the fisheries under the agreement took place in the waters off occupied Western Sahara. Nonetheless, the European Commission is currently attempting to negotiate a new fish deal with Morocco, without even mentioning the contentious issue of Western Sahara.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the three different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.