Photo: President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso and Morocco's Prime Minister, Abdelilah Benkirane, during a press conference in Rabat on 1 March 2013.
According to the European Commission's trade services, the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) will considerably extend the existing association agreement, which already establishes free trade in goods.
The envisioned DCFTA will cover services, public procurement, competition, intellectual property rights, the protection of investment and the gradual integration of the Moroccan economy into the EU single market. Areas such as industrial standards and technical regulations are concerned, as well as sanitary and phytosanitary measures.
During his visit to Morocco earlier this month, European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said the main objective of this agreement is to facilitate Morocco's integration into the internal market of the EU. While the actual negotiations are to start in April, the official launch was in fact announced last week by Mr. Barroso.
But given the EU's reluctancy to properly exclude the occupied parts of Western Sahara from its trade deals with Morocco, it is expected that the DCFTA could have considerable effect in the territory - impacting negatively on the UN sponsored peace process by bolstering Morocco's unsubstantiated claim to Western Sahara. Consequently, European business lured into deals on occupied land, are at risk of becoming part of the prolonged conflict.
Trade between the EU and Morocco amounted to about 24 billion euro in 2011. Morocco is also the largest recipient of EU aid.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the three different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.