Journalistes sahraouis à Kosmos : ne forez pas dans les eaux occupées
Le Centre sahraoui des médias et de la communication (SCMC), basé à El Aaiun au Sahara Occidental occupé, a demandé à Kosmos Energy à revoir ses projets de commencer le forage pétrolier au large des côtes de leur patrie occupée plus tard cette année. Les plans de Kosmos pourraient détruire l'avenir du peuple sahraoui de façon irréparable. Lire ici la lettre de SCMC à la compagnie.
Mr. William Hayes Senior Vice President, Government Affairs Kosmos Energy Ltd. c/o Kosmos Energy LLC 8176 Park Lane , Suite 500 Dallas, Texas 75231 USA
RE: Complaint Letter about the illegal upcoming Oil Drilling in Western Sahara.
We are writing to you to let you know that we are Sahrawis from the Moroccan controlled side of the occupied territory of Western Sahara, and we strongly denounce your company’s decision to start oil drilling in the coastal waters off Western Sahara, namely in the Cape Bojador, Boujdour block zone.
It is our conclusion that your company’s decision will bring great damage to the Saharawi cause and it is thus rejected by all Sahrawis. Kosmos Energy has no right to conduct business in Western Sahara. Formally, it is illegal for international companies to operate in the land and coastal waters of Western Sahara without the consent of its people and without them being consulted and benefiting from these business operations. Such illegal business is also a direct threat to the whole peace settlement as it puts at stake the right of self-determination by ignoring international law and legality.
On February 5th, 2002 in a letter made public at UN Headquarters in New York, the senior UN Legal Counsel Hans Corell responded to a Security Council request for an opinion on the legality of certain contracts signed by Morocco with foreign companies to explore for mineral resources in Western Sahara. Mr. Corell determined that oil prospecting by foreign companies in disregard of the interests of the people of Western Sahara – the Sahrawi people – would violate international legal principles dealing with territories administered by another country. The Legal Counsel also concluded that as such the specific contracts of the time dealt with in the Security Council’s request were not in themselves illegal. If, however, further exploration and exploitation activities were to proceed without respect to the interests and wishes of the people of Western Sahara, the contracts would be in violation of the international legal principles dealing with non-self-governing territories. We are now at that point.
The Sahrawis believe strongly that your company has neglected then and you did not count them as stakeholders. This is a terrible mistake and very bad for business. In the joint declaration with the Moroccan agency involved, posted on your company’s web site, there are many misleading declarations and statements that will only stir problems and political and social unrest in the territory. Your company’s action will only bring instability to the region and will surely affect neighboring countries. All your negotiations and deals were conducted with the Moroccan authorities and not the Sahrawis. This can only mean lack of respect for the rights of the people. Most Sahrawis interpret your action as an incitement for violence and hatred as you only care about how much you will make at the expense of the Sahrawis and their long lasting misery and suffering. The whole affair is unethical and calls for immediate action from your side to put things back on track to prevent yet another human tragedy in Northwest Africa.
By starting oil drilling operations off Cape Bojador, your company would damage world peace, and hurt the Saharwis and their just cause. By signing an exploration agreement with Morocco, you are going against international efforts to find a just and a mutually accepted solution for the conflict. Also, by joining hands with Morocco, you are consolidating its sovereignty over Western Sahara. This is exactly what Morocco needs to put the final nail in the coffin of the Sahrawi people. You once spoke about "substantial recent progress in resolving the political situation" in Western Sahara to ease things and to present your company as a fortune stimulator, but this is untrue given that the UN led negotiations and peace plan remain a deadlock and things are not very promising as far as a near future solution. If no further action is taken, Sahrawis might consider resorting to international law to assert their rights and to stop your company’s unethical business in occupied Western Sahara.
We think that it is time your company considered the matter afresh, and whether unethical potential revenues can ever be balanced against the obvious risks to the Sahrawi people.
Please accept the assurances of our highest consideration and the hope of the Sahrawi people that your company will reconsider its decision.
We look forward to your early reply in this crucial matter.
Signature, Saharawi Center for Media and Communication Elaaiun, Western Sahara
Le Sahara Occidental est occupé par le Maroc. Les entreprises qui concluent des accords avec les autorités marocaines dans les territoires occupés, donnent un signe de légitimité à l’occupation. Cela ouvre aussi des possibilités de travail aux colons marocains et de recettes au gouvernement marocain. Western Sahara Resource Watch demande aux compagnies étrangères de quitter le Sahara Occidental jusqu'à ce qu'une solution soit trouvée au conflit.
Il n'est pas facile de suivre toutes les différentes procédures judiciaires relatives au Sahara Occidental. Par souci de clarté, voici un aperçu des trois cas à la Cour de justice de l'Union européenne.
Les principaux militants du Sahara occidental sont condamnés à des peines allant de 20 ans à la réclusion à perpétuité suite à une manifestation populaire de 2010, le camp de protestation Gdeim Izik, qui dénonçait la marginalisation sociale et économique du peuple sahraoui dans leur terre occupée.