However, the company's involvement with Western Sahara phosphate did not terminate fully. During at least the last decade, FMC Corp has also owned 33,33% of a joint-venture in Venezuela, Tripoliven, in partnership with the Venezuelan government and a private investor. Tripoliven has imported phosphates from Western Sahara for decades.
That FMC stake has now been sold, from what Western Sahara Resource Watch has learned. WSRW sent requests to the communications department of FMC Corp on 19 March and 2 April 2016 to get confirmation of the information, but has not received any answer. Particularly, WSRW has asked for information regarding who took over the shares.
The website of the Venezuelan joint-venture still refers to FMC Corp as a 33,33 percent shareholder (see screenshot above. "Tripoliven C.A. is a joint venture between equally shareholding Pequiven S.A., Valquímica S.A. and FMC Foret S.A", the website reads . This is thus now apparently wrong.
Tomorrow, WSRW will issue its report P for Plunder 2015, outlining the exports of phosphates from Western Sahara over the course of last year. The Venezuelan government is the only foreign government involved in the imports of Western Sahara phosphate rock, both to subsidiaries in Venezuela and in Colombia. Tripoliven has in the past lied to WSRW regarding the trade, stating they do not import, while in fact they do.
Fewer and fewer multinational companies are involved in the trade of the controversial rock.
Morocco has occupied parts of Western Sahara since 1975, and the exports of phosphate rock contributes to the legitimization and financing of the annexation.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the three different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.